1. fascicles (leaf bundles) of 5 – Pinus strobus White Pine
1. fascicles of 2 or 3
2. blue-green needles < 9 cm, orange upper bark – P. sylvestris Scotch Pine
2. needles 7-18 cm long
3. fascicles of 3, cone scales with spine – P. rigida Pitch Pine
3. fascicles of 2, cone scales without spine – P. resinosa Red Pine
Although this key is mostly for wild species, Scotch Pine is included for it is commonly cultivated in found near wild places. One could also find Jack Pine (P. banksiana), Table-Mountain Pine (P. pungens), Austrian Pine (P. nigra), and others, but they are not common. Jack Pine is classified as “rare” in New York State.