Ophiopogon, Astragalus, Ligusticum, Teasel, Artemisia, Schisandra, Gentian, Scutellaria (this is the Chinese Skullcap, used for berberine - my focus is on Barberry as a local source), Peony, Ginger, Ephedra, Kudzu, Red Sage Root, Figwort, Sophora (a New York City street tree), Wild Yam, Dianthus, Angelica (Angelica dahurica, Bai Zhi), Aster, Coltsfoot*, Bugleweed, Platycodon, and many others.
Ophiopogon (Monkey Grass, Mondo Grass, Turf-Lily Grass) and Platycodon (Balloon Flower) are two important, and you might say indispensable, lung herbs from Chinese herbal medicine. They are both grown as ornamentals, though not very well known here for there medicinal use. Peony is another ornamental that is big in Chinese herbal medicine. Peony is on the top of my list of herbs to begin cultivating for medicinal use.
Astragalus is another important herb from Chinese medicine, quickly becoming known in American.
Ligusticum includes a couple Chinese species, garden Lovage, and Osha (Bear Root) of the Rocky Mountains.
Teasel is an important herb for wildcrafting.
Artemisia species are numerous and will be discussed thoroughly in the future. We have Mugwort as an invasive, so cultivation is not urgent. However, a number of species can be easily grown, and should be. There are differences, as well as similarities among species.
Kudzu is an invasive of Southern States and should be wildcrafted there.
Angelica species are major regarding consideration for cultivation.
* The Divine Farmer calls for the flower, as is standard still in Chinese medicine though we American herbalists prefer the leaf. The text mentions interesting alternate names: Stone Bag, Frozen Stalk, Tiger Beard, and Hare Nest.